Augsburg Confession, Article 28: The Authority of Bishops

Pope Francis

Article 28 would take up about 6 pages if printed out in full. Since we are limited to an hour, your pastor has sorted out AC 28’s teachings into different categories.    AC XXVIII: Church Authority Article 28 delves into many areas dealing with Church authority.   Two Kingdoms: Church and State There has been […]

Acts, Lesson 11: Peter and Cornelius

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Peter had raised Tabitha from the dead and stayed near where Tabitha lived. While in Joppa, Peter stayed with a tanner. It’s now that we hear the Church spreading to full-blown Gentiles (as opposed to Samaritans, which were a Semitic people with some Jewish ancestry).  In this chapter of Acts, we see a new period […]

Acts, Lesson 10: Paul and Peter

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Last week, Luke told us of Saul’s conversion to “the Way,” that He had become a follower of Christ. Even more, Jesus had called him to be His Apostle to the “Gentiles, kings, and children of Israel.” We now find out what happened after Saul was baptized.   The Story of Saul Continues Read Acts […]

Augsburg Confession, Articles 26-27: Compulsory Fasting and Monastic Vows

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These articles are too long for a one-hour class, if we were to read through them in their entirety. Because these topics do not loom large in the Church today, we will have an overview of these articles.   AC XXVI: The Distinction of Foods  Johann Eck, was the main Roman-Catholic theologian who spoke against […]

Augsburg Confession, Article 25: Confession

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The Augsburg Confession earlier covered the topic of Confession in Article 11. However, in Article 11, the focus was on absolution, not on confession itself. The purpose of this article was to show how highly Lutherans value Private Confession.   This article also explains the abuses that the Lutheran churches have eliminated from the practice of […]

Acts, Lesson 9: Simon, Philip, and Saul

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In the last lesson, we saw God choosing to act in ways He has not promised to do so. In particular, we saw God the Holy Spirit coming to a new group of people only through the hands of the Apostles. It’s almost as if God was chastising the Apostles for not leading the way […]

Augsburg Confession, Article 24

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AC XXIV: The Mass (Pt 1) Our churches are falsely accused of abolishing the Mass. In fact, the Mass is retained among us and is celebrated with the greatest reverence. Almost all the customary ceremonies are also retained, except that German hymns, added for the instruction of the people, are interspersed here and there among […]

Acts, Lesson 8: The Gospel Spreads

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In the last lesson, Luke introduced us to Saul, a Pharisee who held the cloaks of those who stoned Deacon Stephen to death. After that introduction, Luke continues to tell us about that man named “Saul.” Luke also tells us about another ordained deacon, Philip.   Persecution Begins Read Acts 8:1-3 What began the same […]

Augsburg Confession, Articles 22-23

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AC XXII: Reception of Christ’s Body and Blood in the Lord’s Supper The laity are given both forms of the Lord’s Supper because this practice is the Lord’s command, “Drink of it all of you (Matthew 26:27). Christ has clearly commanded that all should drink from the cup. So no one will quibble and say […]

Augsburg Confession, Article 21

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AC XXI: Invocation of the Saints Our churches teach that we are to remember the history of the saints so that our faith may be strengthened when we see how they experienced grace and how they were sustained by faith. Even more, their good works are to be an example for us, each of us […]