Augsburg Confession, Articles 22-23

Chalice and Host2 (610x351)

AC XXII: Reception of Christ’s Body and Blood in the Lord’s Supper The laity are given both forms of the Lord’s Supper because this practice is the Lord’s command, “Drink of it all of you (Matthew 26:27). Christ has clearly commanded that all should drink from the cup. So no one will quibble and say […]

Augsburg Confession, Article 21

Woman praying before statue of Jesus with His mother (610x351)

AC XXI: Invocation of the Saints Our churches teach that we are to remember the history of the saints so that our faith may be strengthened when we see how they experienced grace and how they were sustained by faith. Even more, their good works are to be an example for us, each of us […]

Acts, Lesson 7: The Martyrdom of Deacon Stephen

Stephen being martyred (610x351)

The Church had just established the Office of Deacon to free pastors (at this time, the Apostles) to focus on Word and Sacrament ministry. Deacons assisted the pastor, primarily focusing on the physical needs of parishioners. Yet, we see they also did more, as we see evidences with Stephen, one of the ordained deacons. Read […]

Augsburg Confession, Articles 19-20

ant lifting a twig (610x351)

AC XIX: The Cause of Sin Concerning the cause of sin, our churches teach that–although God creates and preserves nature–the cause of sin is located in the will of those who are evil, that is, of the devil and ungodly people. Without God’s help, the will of the wicked turns itself away from God, as […]

Acts, Lesson 6: Persecution from the Jewish Leadership

Peter before the Sanhedrin (610x352)

In last week’s lesson, Ananias and Sapphira had decided to deceive the Apostles and congregation in Jerusalem by stating they sold property for a certain amount, deliberately understating the amount they had received. After that fear-inducing event, Luke takes us to see what is going on with the Apostles in Jerusalem, in particular, Peter.   […]

Acts, Lesson 5: Dissension Within the Ranks

Ananias and Sapphira (610x351)

In last week’s lesson, Peter was preaching within the Temple complex. Today, we learn how the Jewish leadership responded, especially the Sadducees. To understand their reaction, we need to know a bit about the Sadducees.   The Sadducees The Sadducees emerged as a religious and political-interest group in the 2nd century BC, around the time […]

Augsburg Confession, Article 18: Free Will

Free will (610x351)

AC XVIII: Freedom of the Human Will Our churches teach that a person has some freedom to choose civil righteousness and to do things subject to reason. However, it does not have the power to produce the righteousness of God or spiritual righteousness without the Holy Spirit. For the “unbeliever doesn’t accept what comes from […]

Augsburg Confession, Article 17

Jesus' Return (610x350)

AC XVII: The Return of Christ as Judge Our churches also teach that at the end of the world Christ will appear for judgment and will raise up all the dead [1 Thessalonians 4:13-5:2]. He will give the godly and elect eternal life and endless joy, but He will condemn the ungodly and devils to […]

Acts, Lesson 4: The Faith being lived out

Giovanni Paolo Pannini (610x351)

After seeing a glimpse into what the first New-Covenant Church’s worship looked like, Luke now takes us to see how the fellowship (communion) at the Altar was lived out in the lives of those first Christians. Communal Life of the Christians Read Acts 2:44-45 What did the intense spiritual unity among the first Christians lead […]

The Chasuble

Luther Rose Chasuble2 (610x350)

This is our pastor’s article for the summer edition of our congregational newsletter. ———— Some of you have asked me over the last several years about the chasuble, the outer, poncho-like garment, I wear during the Lord’s Supper. I hope this article will help explain the origins of the chasuble and why your pastor wears one. […]