Church History, Lesson 11: Christianity in North Africa, Part 1

Intro Several influential theologians in early Christianity were Africans, including Tertullian (160-225 AD), Cyprian (200-258 AD), and Augustine (354-430 AD).  Today, we will only learn about Tertullian. So, when did Christianity first arrive in Africa?  We aren’t sure.  Irenaeus mentioned the spread of Christianity around 180 AD.  In his… [more]

Church History, Lesson 11: Christianity in North Africa, Part 1 Church History, Lesson 11: Christianity in North Africa, Part 1

Luke 17:11-19: The Rituals of Mercy

A standard introductory ritual when you meet someone is to shake his hand.  To greet another, you extend your hand.  “Hello, I’m Rich,” as I grab hold of the other person’s hand and we both move them up and down.  So, we grasp hands and shift their movement in a set pattern. Can we not touch elbows or cluck our tongues?  Well, yes—but… [more]

Luke 17:11-19: The Rituals of Mercy Luke 17:11-19: The Rituals of Mercy

The Apocrypha, Lesson 20: Baruch

Intro We know of Baruch from the book of Jeremiah, where he is presented as Jeremiah’s scribe (Jeremiah 32:10-16; 36:1-31).  Baruch means “blessed one,” a shortened form of Berechyahu, “blessed by Yahweh.” Near the end of Jeremiah’s and Baruch’s career in Judea, Baruch read aloud what Jeremiah told him to write.  Baruch did this,… [more]

The Apocrypha, Lesson 20: Baruch The Apocrypha, Lesson 20: Baruch

Church History, Lesson 10: The Tradition is Passed On: Irenaeus

Intro Irenaeus (135-202 AD) came from Smyrna in Asia Minor, which today is Izmir, Turkey.  Born between 130-140 AD, he studied under Polycarp (AH 3, 3:4; “Letter to Florinus” Eusebius’ Church History, 5, 20:5-8).  He provides a valuable account of the 2nd century Church, both East and West, bridging the end of the Apostolic Fathers (as a… [more]

Church History, Lesson 10: The Tradition is Passed On: Irenaeus Church History, Lesson 10: The Tradition is Passed On: Irenaeus

The Apocrypha, Lesson 19: Sirach, Part 2: The New Testament’s Use of Sirach

Intro Last week, we surveyed the Lutheran Church’s “lovefest” with Sirach.  Today, we do the same but focus our attention on the New Testament. In about 195 BC, “Jesus, son of Eleazar, son of Sira,” a faithful Jew and renown teacher, commonly called “Sirach,” compiled his class lecture notes and reflections.  These would later… [more]

The Apocrypha, Lesson 19: Sirach, Part 2: The New Testament’s Use of Sirach The Apocrypha, Lesson 19: Sirach, Part 2: The New Testament’s Use of Sirach